Accidents impose a huge loss to people in terms of deaths, injuries and money. Unfortunately the frequency of accidents in India is among the highest in the world. Reports say, India accounts about 10% of fatalities in road accidents in worldwide. Now road safety has became an issue of national concern.
Road accidents in India statistics
According to Indian Road Accident Data (IRAD), 4,90,000 road accidents were reported during the year 2012 and in those 1,38,000 persons were killed. This represent every hour, 56 accidents were reported and in those 16 persons dead in India.
The share of top five states in total number of road accidents in India accounts 55.5%. Tamil Nadu leads with 13.8 %, followed by Maharashtra 13.5 %, Madhya Pradesh 10.4%, Karnataka 9.1% and Andhra Pradesh 8.7%. Rest of all states accounts 45.5%.
The number of road accidents per 1,00,000 population is at 41 in 2012, an increase of 5% since 2000. And, the number of road accidents per 10,000 vehicles is at 35 in 2011, a decline of 56% since 2000.
Below chart shows the total number of road accidents per 1,00,000 population as well as total number of road accidents per 10,000 vehicles during the year 2000 to 2012 in India.
Even though, the number of accidents compared with the population of vehicles is gradually decreasing, still it’s very high while comparing with frequency of accidents in the world.
Causes of road accidents in India
Analysis reports reveals that, causes of road accidents is mainly due to fault of drivers followed by fault of pedestrians, defect in condition of motor vehicle, defect in road condition, fault of cyclist and weather conditions.
According to Ministry of Road Transport and Highways Transport Research Wing, among the vehicle categories, two-wheelers accounted for the highest share in total road accidents (23.8%), followed by trucks, tempos, tractors and other articulated vehicles (23.3%), cars, jeeps and taxis (21.8%), buses (9.5%), auto rickshaws (7.3%) and other motor vehicles (7.8%).
Analysis Source: The analysis of the article is based on Ministry of Road Transport and Highways Transport Research Wing and Government of India.
Image Credits: Image designed by +Shyam Prasad Sayana Copy right @ www.currentweek.com
Graphs Source: Graphs for data analysis prepared by Ravi Kishore. Copyright @ www.currentweek.com